Social Psychology Network

Maintained by Scott Plous, Wesleyan University

Michael Roy

Michael Roy

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Time Estimation and Self-Assessment
I am interested in why people often underestimate how long it will take them to complete future tasks. We have found that it is often bias in memory, people remember tasks as taking less time than they actually did, that leads to biased predictions. I am also interested in how people assess their own abilities and why it appears that they often overestimate their abilities. Our research indicates that it is often characteristics of that the task, whether it is easy or well defined, that can lead to this apparent bias.

Psychology of Music
Recent research examines the role that music plays in people’s lives and how that is related to individual differences in personality and cognitive style.

Dogs and Other Things
I am also interested in a number of other topics, such as whether or not dogs resemble their owners.

Primary Interests:

  • Applied Social Psychology
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Person Perception
  • Social Cognition

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Journal Articles:

  • Chafin, S., Roy, M. M., Gerin, W., & Christenfeld, N. J. S. (2004). Music can facilitate blood pressure recovery from stress. British Journal of Health Psychology, 9, 393-403.
  • Getz, L. M., Chamorro-Premuzic, T., Roy, M. M., & Devroop, K. (2012). The relationship between affect, uses of music, and music preference in a sample of South African adolescents. Psychology of Music, 40, 164-178. doi:10.1177/0305735610381818.
  • Getz, L. M., Marks, S., & Roy, M. M. (2014). The influence of stress, optimism, and music training on music uses and preferences. Psychology of Music 42(1), 71-85. doi: 10.1177/0305735612456727
  • Hilmert, C. J., Teoh, A., & Roy, M. M. (2014). Effort and negative affect interact to predict cardiovascular responses to stress. Psychology & Health, 29(1), 64-80. doi: 10.1080/08870446.2013.825917
  • Jones, M., Roy, M.M., & Verkuilen, J. (2014). The relationship between reflective rumination and musical ability. Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity and the Arts, 8(2), 219-226. Doi: 10.1037/a0035634
  • Pretz, J.E., Brookings, J. B. Carlson, L.A., Humbert, T.K., Roy, M.M., Jones, M., & Memmert, D. (2014). Development and validation of a new measure of intuition: The types of intuition scale (TIntS). Journal of Behavioral Decision Making, 27(5), 454-467. Doi: 10.1002/bdm.1820
  • Roy, M.M. (2014). Belief in optimism might be more problematic than actual optimism. Frontiers in Psychology: Perception Science, 5: 624. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00624
  • Roy, M. M., & Christenfeld, N. J. S. (2008). Effect of task length on remembered and predicted duration. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15, 202-207.
  • Roy, M. M., & Christenfeld, N. J. S. (2007). Bias in memory predicts bias in estimation of future task duration. Memory & Cognition, 35, 557-564.
  • Roy, M. M., & Christenfeld, N. J. S. (2005). Dogs still do resemble their owners. Psychological Science, 16, 743-744.
  • Roy, M. M., & Christenfeld, N. J. S. (2004). Do dogs resemble their owners? Psychological Science, 15, 361-363.
  • Roy, M. M., Christenfeld, N. J. S., & Jones, M. (2013). Actors, observers and the estimation of task duration. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 66, 121-137. doi: 10.10080/17470218.2012.699973.
  • Roy, M. M., Christenfeld, N. J. S., & McKenzie, C. (2005). Underestimation of future duration: Memory incorrectly used or memory bias. Psychological Bulletin, 131, 738-756.
  • Roy, M.M., Devroop, K., & Getz, L. (2015). Improvement in South African students’ outlook due to music involvement. Music Education Research, 17 (4), 465-479. Doi: 10.1080/14613808.2014.910183
  • Roy, M. M., & Liersch, M. J. (2013). I am better than you think: Self-awareness of the better-than-average effect. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1648-1659. doi: 10.1111/jasp.12117
  • Roy, M. M., Liersch, M. J., & Broomell, S. (2013). People believe that they are prototypically good and bad. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 122(2), 200-213. doi: 10.1016/j.obhdp.2013.07.004
  • Roy, M.M., Memmert, D., Frees, A., Radzevick, J.R., Pretz, J., Noël, B. (2016). Rumination and performance in dynamic, team sport. Frontiers in Psychology: Performance Science, 6:2016. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.02016
  • Roy, M. M., Mitten, S. T., & Christenfeld, N. J. S. (2008). Correcting memory improves accuracy of predicted duration. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 14, 266-275.
  • Schwab, S., Memmert, D., & Roy, M. M. (2013). The effect of motivation and attention on bias in memory for duration. Psychology, 4, 83-87. Doi: 10.4236/psych.2013.42011.
  • Van de Ven, N., Van Rijswijk, L., & Roy, M. M. (2011). The return-trip effect: Why the return-trip often seems to take less time. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 18, 827-832. doi: 10.3758/s13423-011-0150-5.

Courses Taught:

  • Introduction to Psychology
  • Methods
  • Peace and Conflict in South Africa
  • Research in Cognition
  • Research in Social Psychology
  • Statistics

Michael Roy
Department of Psychology
Elizabethtown College
One Alpha Drive
Elizabethtown, Pennsylvania 17022
United States

  • Phone: (717) 361-1331
  • Fax: (717) 361-1176

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